Macular degeneration, most commonly referred to as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), happens to many individuals’ eyes as they age and get older. This disease gradually destroys one’s central vision in their eyes, which is the vision that helps one see directly in front of them. Central vision is needed to see objects clearly and it helps with tasks such as reading and driving.
Macular degeneration of the eye happens gradually in the retina, the light-sensitive tissue lining the inner surface of the eye. This disease causes the retina to deteriorate slowly.
There are two types of macular degeneration:
- Dry form – This type of macular degeneration occurs when the cells in the macula slowly break down.
- Wet form – This type of macular degeneration occurs when abnormal blood vessels begin to grow behind the retina in the eye. Because these new blood vessels are very fragile they often leak fluids and cause the eye to run.
Although the exact causes of macular degeneration are not fully understood, antioxidant vitamins and zinc may reduce the impact of AMD in some people.
You should speak with our ophthalmologist to determine if you are at risk for developing advanced AMD, and to learn if supplements are recommended for you.
If you or someone you know requires eye care visit Charles Breen, MD at 7370 Turfway Rd. 3rd Floor, St. Elizabeth Medical Office Building, Florence, Knetucky 41042.
This article is provided as an information resource and is not intended to replace advice from a qualified ophthalmologist. In all cases, contact your ophthalmologist for advice on any matter referenced in this document before making any decisions.