Information provided by the American Academy of Ophthalmology
The Eye M.D. Association
DIABETIC RETINOPATHY: A CLOSER LOOK
How is diabetic retinopathy diagnosed?
A medical eye examination is the best way to detect changes inside your eye.
An ophthalmologist (Eye M.D.) can often diagnose and treat serious retinopathy before you are aware of any vision problems. The ophthalmologist dilates (enlarges) your pupil and looks inside of the eye with special equipment and lenses.
If your ophthalmologist finds diabetic retinopathy, he or she may order color photographs of the retina or a special test called fluorescein angiography to find out if you need treatment. In this test a dye is injected into your arm and photos of your eye are taken to detect where fluid is leaking.
Vision loss is largely preventable
If you have diabetes, it is important to know that today, with improved methods of diagnosis and treatment, a smaller percentage of people who develop retinopathy have serious vision problems. Early detection of diabetic retinopathy is the best protection against loss of vision.
You can significantly lower your risk of vision loss by maintain strict control of your blood sugar and blood pressure, and by visiting your ophthalmologist regularly.